Sugar Industry in Bihar – at a Glance

Sugar industry is the largest agro-based industry in Bihar. The industry generates sizeable employment directly in the farm sector and indirectly through ancillary industries and related activities. It is estimated that about 5 lakh farmers are engaged in the cultivation of sugarcane and, approximately, another half a lakh as unskilled and skilled workers. There are also trained technologists, directly engaged in sugar industry in the state. Bihar has immense potential for sugar and allied industries, particularly in ethanol and captive power generation. Keeping in view the vast scope of its expansion, the state government has decided to encourage the sugarcane based industries in the state. More than Rs. 600 crore has been invested by the sugar companies for capacity expansion and their daily crushing capacity has consequently increased from 37 thousand tonnes in 2005 to 68 thousand tonnes at present. Of the total cultivable area of 54 lakh hectares in the state, only 4.41 percent is covered under the sugarcane cultivation, and there is ample scope for increasing the area under sugarcane cultivation.




Sugar Industry in Bihar

Basic Statistics:

No of Sugar Mills 28
No of operational Sugar Mills 12
No. of closed Sugar Mills 16
Bihar State Sugar Corporation 13
BIC Group 03
2011-12 2012-13
Area under Sugarcane (2011-12) 2.54 Lakh Hectare 2.74 Lakh Hectare
Production of Sugarcane (2011-12) 177 Lakh MT 222 Lakh MT
Productivity of Sugarcane (2011-12) 69.72 MT/Hec.

81.02 MT/Hec.

Cane Crushed 48.83 Lakh MT 58.97 Lakh MT
Sugar Produced 4.51 Lakh MT

5.09 Lakh MT

Recovery Percentage 9.24%

8.63%

Brief Profile of Private Sector Working Sugar Mills (2011-12 & 2012-13)
SL Name of Sugar Mill Crushing Capacity (in TCD) Total Cane Crushed (in lac Qtl) Total Production of Sugar (in lac Qtl) Recovery %age(Average) Duration of Crushing Days(Average) Total Cane Crushed (in lac Qtl) Total Production of Sugar (lac Qtl) Recovery %age (Average) Duration of Crushing Days(Average)
1. Bagaha 5,000 50.61 4.99 9.84 107 60.06 5.49 9.12 129
2. Harinagar 10,000 94.61 8.96 9.47 105 124.13 10.99 8.88 123
3. Narkatiaganj 7,500 78.79 7.65 9.71 111 95.63 8.41 8.80 141
4. Manjhaulia 5,000 44.87 4.23 9.30 107 51.67 4.47 8.50 119
5. Sasamusa 2,500 21.09 2.06 9.51 95 25.55 2.26 9.00 106
6. Gopalganj 5,000 39.19 3.72 9.50 95 44.75 3.99 8.97 96
7. Sidhwalia 5,000 47.01 4.43 9.43 103 52.39 4.69 8.95 113
8. Riga 5,000 48.13 4.48 9.31 120 45.16 4.04 8.91 68
9. Hasanpur 3,000 31.17 2.95 9.48 112 40.29 3.70 9.20 128
10. Motihari 2,500 - - - - 4.47 0.26 6.88 32
11. Lauriya 3,500 15.29 0.66 7.11 102 20.18 1.05 7.39 100
12. Sugauli 3,500 17.54 0.97 8.60 103 25.44 1.60 8.63 92
Total: 57,500 488.30 45.10 9.24 105 589.72 50.95 8.63 104